Black Enterprise magazine

Recent Articles

Concussions require immediate medical attention

What is a concussion? A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury. Concussions are the most common type of traumatic brain injury.  

Why should I care about concussions? Concussions are becoming more and more common in contact physical athletics involving all ages, children to adult professionals. A recent government report estimates that over four million sports-related concussions occur in the United States annually. Concussions are also the most common type of traumatic brain injury seen in persons over the age of 65 secondary to falls. Continue Reading →

Filed under: , , , , , , ,

Red birthmarks: their cause and treatment

What are red birthmarks? Red birthmarks are actually proliferations or growths of blood vessels carrying red blood. Sometimes these birthmarks are present at birth; sometimes they will develop shortly after birth. They are termed “vascular lesions” by doctors.  

Why should I care about red birthmarks? Continue Reading →

Filed under: , , , , , , ,

Ten tips to getting the most out of your doctor’s visit







Every minute of your doctor’s visit should count. Most typical medical visits, especially in primary care, last about 15 minutes. To optimize your visit with the doctor, you need your visit to be as efficient as possible. Here is a list of 10 steps to ensure your medical visit goes well and gives you the most benefits. Write down a list of medical concerns that you have, and list them in order of priority. Realize that most doctors’ visits can address approximately three concerns. Make the top three things on your list the most important for you. Continue Reading →

Filed under: , , , , , , ,

What are keloids and why should I care about them?


Keloids are a very common type of scar that can be unsightly, painful and itchy. Anyone can develop keloids, but people of color develop them 15 times more frequently than others. Keloids may also run in families. They commonly occur on the ears but are also seen on the upper chest, back and arms. These scars are often a result of an injury or acne scaring, and can be very difficult to treat.  

What causes keloids? Continue Reading →

Filed under: , , , , , , ,

What are electronic cigarettes and why should I care about them?


Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States, but the creators of a breakthrough device are hoping to change that by encouraging smokers to use an alternative method. Commonly referred to as “e-cigarettes,” these battery-powered devices come in a variety of shapes and models, including those that resemble standard tobacco cigarettes and those that mimic cigars and tobacco pipes. E-cigarettes work by giving smokers a nicotine hit without actually exposing them to tobacco smoke. This is made possible due to a special chamber (atomizer) with a heating element and a liquid. The actual nicotine is in the liquid, along with propylene glycol and flavorings. The atomizer chamber aerosolizes this liquid, turning it into a vapor that can be inhaled, while also creating a vapor cloud that realistically resembles cigarette smoke.  These vapors are essentially odorless unless the liquid is heavily flavored. Manufacturers claim that e-cigarettes are a safe alternative to the conventional use of tobacco in cigarettes, cigars or pipes. Continue Reading →

Filed under: , , , , , , ,

 AKN stands for acne keloidalis nuchae. This condition is also known as folliculitis keloidalis nuchae, where small, very itchy bumps can occur at the nape of the neck and back of the scalp. This is most commonly seen in patients of color, particularly those of African descent, and is more prevalent in the male population. Many male patients believe this condition results from a barber shop treatment where the barber had unclean clippers. This is quite untrue, and I have seen many cases that develop without any previous

haircuts. Continue Reading →

Filed under: , , , , , , ,

What is ­­­­­sickle cell disease and why should I care about it?









Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a serious blood disease that produces pain, anemia, infections, and blood vessel blockages that can cause damage and death to organs downstream. Sickle cell disease occurs most often in African Americans and Hispanics in the United States. Sickle cell disease affects millions of people worldwide. People with African, Spanish, Mediterranean, and Indian ancestry are at increased risk. Approximately 120,000 infants are born with sickle cell disease every year. Continue Reading →

Filed under: , , , , , , ,

More surprising pregnancy facts: body changes beyond your tummy








Conclusion  of a two-part column

Last week’s column described some changes during pregnancy besides your growing abdomen — and perhaps your breasts, too — that may take you by surprise. As with many pregnancy changes, hormones and genetics play a major role in most of these changes in your looks. Here are a few more such changes you may notice:

Skin discolorations 

Increased melanin can cause darks spots, especially on the cheeks, forehead, upper lip and arms. These pigment changes will become worse if you don’t protect yourself from the sun. The medical term for this discoloration is melasma. What to do: Protect your face by using a sunblock that offers both UVA and UVB protection with an SPF of 30 or higher, wearing a hat with a broad brim and sun-protective clothing (Coolibar Sun Protective Clothing). If melasma develops, there are several approaches to treating it including topical fade creams, skin peels and lasers. Continue Reading →

Filed under: , , , , , , ,

Surprising pregnancy facts: body changes beyond your tummy


You expect your abdomen to grow during pregnancy — and perhaps your breasts, too — but the following physical changes may take you by surprise. As with many pregnancy changes, hormones and genetics play a major role in most of these changes in your looks.  

Thicker, more luxurious hair 

This is kind of an illusion. You’re not actually growing more hair, just losing less than you normally do. Everyone loses 100 or more hairs per day, but during pregnancy this rate slows down. Your body sheds hair much more slowly than it did before, causing a net gain and thicker, fuller looking hair. What to do: If thicker hair is desirable, enjoy it. If it’s making your mane more unruly than ever, ask your stylist to do some thinning at your next visit. Continue Reading →

Filed under: , , , , , , ,

What are cold sores and why should I care?








By Charles E. Crutchfield III, MD


Cold sores are a group of tiny blisters that can occur anywhere, but most commonly occur on the lips, around the mouth, and around the nose. After a few days, the blisters change into a sore with an overlying crust/scab. Cold sores can be very painful, unsightly, and can be transmitted to others. Cold sores are also called “fever blisters” because it is a viral infection that can be activated by illness (fever/colds).  

Why should I care about cold sores? Cold sores are a recurrent viral infection that cannot be cured. Continue Reading →

Filed under: , , , , , , ,