Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, commonly known as ADHD, is a condition that affects a person’s ability to focus, concentrate, stay on task, stay organized, plan things, stay seated, and think before acting. ADHD has three symptom clusters including inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. It comes in different types including “inattentive type” (some refer to this as “ADD”), “hyperactive/impulsive type” and “combined type” (meaning a combination of inattentive type and hyperactive type).
Why should I care about ADHD? Because ADHD is one of the most common disorders in children and adolescents, it is important to recognize it as it can be very impairing. More specifically, if it goes unrecognized or untreated, ADHD can lead to behavior issues; school difficulties such as failure and dropping out; substance use; depression and self-esteem problems; anxiety; and sleep difficulties. In adults, it can lead to poor work performance and productivity issues.
What causes ADHD? Because ADHD is a “brain-behavior” disorder, it is thought that there is a dysfunctional region in the brain, the frontal lobe, which is generally responsible for regulating concentration, organization, planning and impulse control. As a result of the dysfunction, those with ADHD exhibit symptoms such as distractibility, an inability to focus, an inability to sit still, and behavior problems, to name a few. Continue Reading →