Conclusion of a 4-part column
Most skin diseases occur in people of all nationalities, regardless of their skin color. Certain problems encountered in the skin are more common in people with different hues of skin, and sometimes a disorder seems more prominent because it affects skin color. This week concludes our review of these disorders and their treatments.
Tinea capitis, also known as ringworm, is endemic in African American children. Any child with a scaling, itching scalp should be thoroughly investigated for tinea capitis. Continue Reading →
There was plenty of boys’ and girls’ basketball action last week as two boys’ basketball games were blowouts that turned into competitive contests, one contest was an upset, and the girls’ game between two metro area teams went into overtime.
Columbia Heights at
Spring Lake Park: February 6
Spring Lake Park, behind the outstanding play of DEVOTE SKREBES, TC ROBINSON and ERIC CURRAN, raced out to a 42-22 halftime, but COLTON WILLIAMS and sophomore JARRETT BATISE led a
strong COLUMBIA HEIGHTS comeback before losing the North Suburban Conference contest 67-60. Skrebes led Spring Lake Park, and all scorers, with 20 points. Robinson, one of the metro area’s top point guards, added 16 and Curran chipped in 10. Williams and Batise scored 15 and 12 respectively for Columbia Heights. Continue Reading →
By Charles E. Crutchfield III, MD
and Monica Colvin-Adams, MD, MS, FAHA
Heart failure is one of the few cardiovascular diseases that continue to increase. Heart failure is a leading cause of death and is strongly linked to high blood pressure.
What is “congestive” heart failure? When your heart is too weak or too stiff to pump blood efficiently, fluid can back up in the lungs and tissues causing congestion. This is often referred to as “congestive heart failure.” This does not always happen during heart failure, and as a result the term “heart failure” is preferred over “congestive heart failure.”
What causes heart failure? Heart failure is the syndrome that is created by a heart that is too weak to pump or too stiff to eject blood efficiently. Continue Reading →
By Charles E. Crutchfield III, MD and Tamiko Morgan, M.D., FAAP
Childhood nutrition has taken the spotlight recently, especially due to the fact that childhood obesity has at least tripled in the past three decades. Many parents are seeking answers to the questions “What should my child eat? How much? Why?”
Although we are currently living in the “information age,” information overload has caused some parents to be confused, making it challenging for them to understand good nutritional recommendations. In this column, we will attempt to summarize some basic recommendations regarding childhood nutrition. Continue Reading →
By Charles E. Crutchfield III, MD and
J. Michael Gonzalez-Campoy, MD, PhD, FACE
High blood pressure may cause damage to vital organs over time. Brain damage causes a stroke. Heart damage causes a heart attack. And kidney damage causes kidney failure. High blood pressure may also damage the eyes and blood vessels, causing weakening of the blood vessel walls. If a blood vessel wall balloons out, this is called an aneurysm. Aneurysms may break and bleeding can happen.
What causes high blood pressure? The blood pressure is determined by the amount of squeeze created by the circular smooth muscle of the blood vessels, by the speed at which the heart beats, and by the volume inside the blood vessels made up by the blood. The blood pressure will go up if there is too much squeeze from the blood vessels. It will also go up if there is excess volume in the circulation. And it will go up if the heart is stimulated to beat faster or stronger. Adrenaline, the “fight or flight” hormone, causes the heart to beat faster and the blood vessels to squeeze tighter. Therefore, too much adrenaline, as is the case with stress, can cause the blood pressure to go up. Table salt has sodium. Sodium holds on to water. So, the sodium inside blood vessels will hold on to water. Continue Reading →
By Charles E. Crutchfield III, M.D.
Dr. Crutchfield, what can I do improve the quality of my skin, especially in these dry winter months?
Great question. Walk into the skin care/cosmetic area of any major department store, and it is dizzying to see the hundreds, if not thousands, of choices for skin care. To complicate matters, there are sales people wearing white coats, looking like either mad scientists or doctors, who are all too eager to recommend their company’s multi-step skin care program. Even in our homes, we are flooded with late-night infomercials touting the latest products that promise to solve your skin-care woes. The good news is, smart skin care can be a simple four-step process: cleansing, hydration, protection and correction.
Cleansers with either no detergent or a very low detergent value help preserve the natural oils in your skin. You don’t need harsh cleansers or exfoliants; just use a cotton washcloth. Your skin will naturally exfoliate itself. Several good over-the-counter cleansers include Vanicream Cleansing Bar, Cetaphil, and Dove Unscented Cleansing Bar. Everyone’s skin chemistry is different, so experiment until you find a product that works best for your skin type. Continue Reading →