Mourning Kofi Annan, remembering Ron Walters

Kofi Annan. Photo courtesy of MGN
Julianne Malveaux

Kofi Annan made his transition in August. The seventh secretary-general of the United Nations (UN), he worked up from the lower ranks (starting at age 24) of the international organization to serve as head of peacekeeping operations. And, four years into his term as UN secretary-general, he earned the Nobel Peace Prize.

Annan, born in the kente-weaving province of Kumasi, Ghana, was the first African to lead the UN. After leading the organization for a decade, he continued to serve the world in a peacekeeping role through his foundation and in a leadership role in the Elders, a peacekeeping group.

His contributions to the UN are twofold, in my opinion. First, he was committed to peace, and to the UN’s peacekeeping role. He saw human rights as more important than “state sovereignty” and felt that the UN had a role in maintaining citizen rights in the face of state brutality.

To be sure, Annan failed to recognize the threat to human rights in Rwanda (as did the Clinton administration and the rest of the world). Still, he expanded the role of the UN by asserting the importance of human rights.

Annan’s second significant contribution was his expanded definition of human rights, which included the fight against global poverty, global warming and AIDS. In other words, he felt that human rights included the right for us all to live in a better world, and he focused on the ways that predatory global capitalism shaped the ways many in the developing world lived.

Annan, the consummate diplomat, would not use the same words that I have. But, he was passionate about advancing the vision of global politics that was both peaceful and expansive.

In these moments after his transition, African Americans must celebrate the legacy of Annan. We must commemorate an African man with a global vision by widening our lens to acknowledge our global view of, in the words of the late Dr. Ron Walters (the dean of African American political science), “foreign policy justice.”

Walters decried inconsistencies in U.S. foreign policy — including the many ways that some nations were favored, and others were not — with Israel often having too preferred a status compared to Palestinian nations. He also opposed the uneven ways our country chose to intervene in country conflicts.

Through the lens of Walters, too little conversation about foreign policy justice took place, and African Americans were too often missing when these conversations took place.

Walters was among those who felt that African American people needed to be more fully involved in the development of U.S. foreign policy — not only around Africa, but in general. He was a trusted advisor to Rev. Jesse Jackson, a longtime political science professor at Howard University (and later at the University of Maryland), and a prolific writer and speaker.

He also embraced the legacy of Annan and the vision of Afro-globalism. When we embrace Annan, we recognize the many ways that Dr. Walters was pivotal in lifting awareness of African American people around global issues.

Both Annan and Walters were born in 1938, both would have turned 80 this year (Walters made his transition in 2010). Both provided a foundation of critical thinking around foreign policy issues and foreign policy justice.

Thanks to Walters, African Americans embraced foreign policy issues more closely and critically. Thanks to Annan, the United Nations began to look at human rights more globally.

I do not hesitate to celebrate the legacy of Annan, a legacy that the Nobel Prize committee called “an excellent representative of the United Nations and probably the most effective secretary-general in its history.”

At the same time, when I celebrate Annan’s legacy, I remember the legacy of Walters, the civil rights activist (leading sit-ins in his hometown of Wichita, Kansas), iconic political science professor, and pioneering political activist and advisor to leaders, and submit that his legacy should motivate African Americans to be more fully committed to foreign policy justice.

Two men, Secretary-General Annan and Professor Ron Walters, embraced the vision of a safe, peaceful, equitable world and must be celebrated for it. Their legacies are in contrast to current U.S. leadership where our 45th president sows dissent and disparages the countries Annan and Walters so loved as “sh*thole” countries.


Julianne Malveaux is an author and economist. Her latest book, Are We Better Off? Race, Obama and Public Policy, is available via For booking, wholesale inquiries or for more info, visit